Fossil DB User-defined Functions

The Fossil DB schemas can be perused, in the form of commented SQL, in /dir/sql.

The library reserves the db symbol prefixes fsl_ and fx_fsl_ (case-insensitive) for its own use - clients should not define any functions or tables with those name prefixes. Fossil(1) reserves all table names which do not start with fx_ ("fossil extension"). During a rebuild, fossil(1) will drop any repository tables it does not know about unless their names start with fx_.

A libfossil-bound DB handle gets several SQL-callable functions (UDFs - User-defined Functions) for working with repository state, as listed below in alphabetical order...


FSL_CKOUT_DIR([INTEGER=1]) returns the path to the current checkout directory, or NULL if no checkout is opened. If passed no argument or passed a value which evaluates to non-0 in an integer context, the trailing slash is included in the returned value (which is Fossil's historical convention with regard to directory names). If passed any value which evaluates to integer 0, the slash is not included.

e.g. to get the path to the .fossil-settings (versionable settings) directory for the current checkout:

SELECT FSL_CKOUT_DIR() || '.fossil-settings';


FSL_CI_MTIME(INT,INT) takes two RIDs as arguments: the manifest (checkin) version RID and the blob.rid value of a file which part of the first RID's checkin.

It behaves like fsl_mtime_of_manifest_file(), returning the calculated (and highly synthetic!) mtime as an SQL integer (Unix epoch timestamp). This is primarily for internal use.


FSL_CONTENT(INTEGER|STRING) returns the undeltified, uncompressed content for the blob record with the given RID (if the argument is an integer) or symbolic name (as per the C function fsl_sym_to_rid() and the FSL_SYM2RID() SQL function). If the argument does not resolve to an in-repo blob, a db-level error is triggered. If passed an integer, no validation is done on its validity, but such checking can be enforced by instead passing the the RID as a string in the form 'rid:THE_RID'.


FSL_DIRPART(STRING[, BOOL=0]) behaves like fsl_file_dirpart(), returning the result as a string unless it is empty, in which case the result is an SQL NULL. If passed a truthy second argument then a trailing slash is added to the result, else the result will have no trailing slash.

An example of getting all directory names in the repository (across all file versions, for simplicity):

SELECT DISTINCT(fsl_dirpart(name)) n

To get all the dirs for a specific version one needs to do more work. We'll leave that as an exercise for... me, and once i figure it out i'll post it. It seems that getting that information requires C-level code for the time being.


FSL_FOCI is a virtual table/table-valued function which can be used to fetch file information about a given checkin. (FOCI is short for Files Of Checkin.) Its schema looks like:

CREATE TABLE fsl_foci(
  checkinID    INTEGER,    -- RID for the check-in manifest
  filename     TEXT,       -- Name of a file
  uuid         TEXT,       -- hash of the file
  previousName TEXT,       -- Name of the file in previous check-in
  perm         TEXT,       -- Permissions on the file
  symname      TEXT HIDDEN -- Symbolic name of the check-in

And it can be used like:

select * from fsl_foci('trunk') order by filename

The argument may be any unambiguous symbolic name, e.g. a hash prefix or branch name.

Alternate, it can be used like:

SELECT * FROM blah('trunk');

FOCI is a relatively expensive operation. It is, however, the only way to fetch and traverse the list of files in a checkin using pure SQL. Fossil's schema does not record all of this state in the db in a readily accessible form because doing so would cost tremendous amounts of db space for even moderately-sized projects: one record for every file for every checkin. This virtual table works around that limitation by dynamically loading a fsl_deck object and exposing it via the vtable API.


FSL_GLOB('glob-set-name', 'filename to match') returns 1 if the 2nd argument is a string which matches any glob in the fossil-side glob list named by the first argument, else returns 0. Throws if the first argument is invalid. The first argument must be the name of a well-known fossil configuration option which refers to a glob list, specifically one of:

To simplify usage, the -glob suffix may be elided. That is, 'ignore-glob' and 'ignore' are functionally equivalent.


FSL_IS_ENQUEUED(INT) determines whether a given file is "enqueued" in a pending checkin operation. This is normally only used internally, but "might" have some uses elsewhere. If no files have explicitly been queued up for checkin (via the fsl_checkin_file_enqueue() C function) then all files are considered to be selected (though only modified files would actually be checked in if a commit were made).

As its argument it expects a vfile.id field value (vfile is the table where fossil tracks the current checkout's status). It returns a truthy value if that file is selected/enqueued, else a falsy value.

FSL_IF_ENQUEUED(INT,X,Y) is a close counterpart of FSL_IS_ENQUEUED(). If the vfile.id passed as the first argument is enqueued then it resolves to the X value, else to the Y value, unless Y is NULL, in which case it always resolves to X. Why? Because its only intended usage is to be passed the (id, pathname, origname) fields from the vfile table.

FSL_IF_ENQUEUED(I,X,Y) is basically equivalent to this pseudocode:

result = FSL_IS_ENQUEUED(I) ? X : ((Y IS NULL) ? X : Y)


FSL_J2U(JULIAN_DAY) expects a Julian Day value and returns its equivalent in Unix Epoch timestamp as a 64-bit integer, as per fsl_julian_to_unix(). Fossil tends to use Julian Days for recording timestamps, but a small few cases use Unix timestamps.


A helper for resolving expressions like:

 WHERE pathname='X' C OR
       (pathname>'X/' C AND pathname<'X0' C)

i.e. is X a match for the LHS or is X a directory prefix of LHS?

The C part is functionally equivalent to empty or COLLATE NOCASE, depending on the case-sensitivity setting of the fsl_cx instance.

Resolves to NULL if either argument is NULL, 0 if the comparison shown above is false, 1 if the comparison is an exact match, or 2 if p2 is a directory prefix part of p1.

It requires that both of its arguments be canonicalized paths with no extraneous slashes (including no trailing slash).


select fsl_match_vfile_or_dir('a/b/c','a/b/c');
==> 1

select fsl_match_vfile_or_dir('a/b/c','a');
==> 2

select fsl_match_vfile_or_dir('a/b/c','a/');
==> 0 because of trailing slash on 2nd arg!

select fsl_match_vfile_or_dir('a/b/c',NULL)'
==> NULL

This function gets its name from being used exclusively (as of this writing) for figuring out whether a user-provided name (the 2nd argument) matches, or is a directory prefix of, the vfile.pathname or vfile.origname db fields.


FSL_SYM2RID(STRING) returns a blob RID for the given symbol, as per fsl_sym_to_rid(). Triggers an SQL error if fsl_sym_to_rid() fails.

TODO: add an optional boolean second param (default=false) which tells it to return NULL instead of triggering an error.


Returns the current value of fsl_cx_user_get(), or NULL if that is not set.


# f-query -e 'select fsl_user()'

# f-query -e 'select fsl_user()' --user root


Returns the current time as an integer, as per time(2).